Following the great expeditions of the 18th and 19th century, travel activity in general increased from the end of the 18th century onwards. In addition to European destinations, the Orient and, above all, Egypt now became the goal of this movement embracing travel and exoticism. This work centers on the question of the received patterns of thought and argumentation that were applied consciously or unconsciously by the travelers. By way of example, the reports of the Austrian scholar and scientist Joseph (Ritter von) Russegger are examined. Russegger's travels to Egypt are notable because he traveled the country as a scientist on behalf of the Egyptian government, which gave him insights into areas of the country and the state that were seldom accessible to a foreigner. The factor that distinguishes Russegger from other travelers is his meticulousness, thanks to which he may be regarded as a forerunner of science in the sense of Humboldt's educational ideal.
Executive behavior is simply what managers do. But what do they do? To answer this question, Kelly reviews the observational studies of managerial behavior made in the 1950s and 1960s by H. Mintzberg and S. Carlson, among others, and updates the record by including research of the 1980s and 1990s. This hard data of scientific observation is compared to and contrasted with the soft data of top manager interviews and CEO biographies, which includes material on Lee Iacocca, John Akers, Steven Jobs, John Sculley, and Jack Welch. To get these facts and fictions of executive life together in a meaningful and understandable way, this book develops a new view of executive behavior, which focuses on two paradigms: the classical and existential models of the manager. In the classical approach, the manager plans, organizes, leads, and evaluates (POLEs). Both observational studies and the soft data of interviews and biographies shows the executive to be a much more intuitive person who engages in fleeting, superficial, and often distracting interactions with his or her peers and subordinates. Inevitably, such a life-style makes the manager into a gamesman---an existential player in a life in which chance and choice are vital elements in forming the corporate vision. To make this vision a reality, the existential executive employs a transformational style of leadership. This book focuses on four levels of management: chief executives, general managers, middle managers, and supervisors. Among the issues explored in depth are transformational leadership, selection of CEOs, the drama of executive meetings, and the executive of the future. Ideal as a supplemental reading for courses in organizational behavior and management, this book is also an important resource for consultants and executives who are involved in management development and selection who seek an in-depth, balanced view of the modern manager.
Seit 1917 wird der Pulitzer-Preisjahrlichvon der School of Journalism an der New Yorker Columbia Universitat vergeben. MittlerweileexistierenPreise in 21 Kategorien aus den Bereichen Journalismus, Literaturund Musik. The Pulitzer Price Archive stelltdie Geschichte dieser Auszeichnung von den Anfangen bis zur Gegenwart vor: Die Abteilungen A bis E dokumentieren und kommentieren, chronologisch geordnet, die Preisverleihungen. Abteilung F erschlieÃŸt dieGeschichte der Preise bio- und bibliographisch. Abteilung G liefert die Hintergrunde zu den Entscheidungen.
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